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D.O. PENEDÈS

The vineyard of Sant Joannes is in the district of de Sant Joan Samora (municipality of Sant Llorenç d’Hortons, Barcelona), in the “Alt Penedès” (High Penedès).

It covers an area of 20 Ha. It combines vines that are over 60 years old with others that were planed much more recently. Among the varieties grown on the land are traditional grapes of the Penedès region, such as “Macabeu” and “Xarel.lo”, as well as other varieties, like 25-year old Cabernet Sauvignon vines and “Ull de Llebre”, all of which are grown with great care.

The vines of the Penedès mature in the heart of the central depression of the valley, between the pre-coastal Catalan mountain range and the small flatlands of the Mediterranean coast. It extends over an area of 1,557 kilometres square divided into three zones: the Higher, Central and Lower Penedès.  Situated in the Central Penedès with slight south/south-west facing inclines, the vineyard of Sant Joannes and the Masia Casa Gran are the legacy of older times that we strive to nurture.

The Penedès has long been associated with vineyards and wineries innovative. Since becoming the first area of Spain to use stainless steel equipment and cold fermentation, the growers have produced excellent Penedès modern wines from the mixture of native and French grape varieties. This has been possible thanks to the variety of altitudes, terrain and microclimates of the Penedès, which promote the optimal growth of the different types of grapes. This is a diversity and richness that are at their finest when getting the perfect blend of microclimate and terroir (Sant Joan Samora).

 

CLIMATE

In general, the area that makes up the Penedès Denomination of Origin has a great variety of microclimates thanks to its proximity to the coast and its altitude.

The climate of the Penedès is Mediterranean, which is to say that it is mild and warm, typical of the Catalan coastal and pre-coastal areas.

Minimum temperatures occur in January and maximum ones in July. Thanks to its relief, the Penedès is protected from cold winds. It is a light-rich environment, encouraging good grape ripening. The rainfall in the area is also favourable, with autumn, followed by the spring, being when the maximum rainfall occurs.

The climate is one of the factors that help the Penedès produce wines of excellent quality.

SOIL

The soil of the Penedès is very varied, with most of the land being arable and having some important characteristics in common.

They are deep soils, partly sandy, and partly clayey, that are porous and retain water from rain. The soil is poor in organic matter, calcareous and not very fertile. Only soil of this nature ensures that the grape yields such a concentrated wine.

The surface area given over to vine cultivation in the Penedès is 26,000 hectares, with a density of 2,300 to 3,000 vines per hectare, 2,400 in the case of our vineyards.

 

GRAPE VARIETIES

Our warm and mild climate allows us to grow traditional white varieties, like “Xarel.lo” and “Macabeu”, and red grapes such as “Ull de llebre” and Cabernet Sauvignon.

Among our more notable varieties of white grape is Xarel.lo, considered to be the main variety of white in the Penedès. It boasts great adaptability and personality, being compact, round, strong-skinned and sweet. It is a vigorous vine that buds very early.

It produces a wine that is balanced, strong and consistent. It is harvested in mid-September. It is rich in alcohol.

The first impression on the nose is one of ripe fruit (apples ranging from Granny Smith to baked apple, with quince, pear), of citrus fruit (depending on the maturity of the harvest and the age of the vines it can go from mandarin and orange peel to lemon), with more or less evident anisettes depending on the same parameters (fennel).

The xarel.los of out St Joannes vineyard combine two different clones in three types of cultivation and terrain. Thus, we have two very old vines (approx. 60-80 years) covering 1Ha. approx. Each, each from a different clone, with one planted on a fertile plain and the other on a steep slope.

We have also planted third plot covering 1.5 ha. This is a 10-year old vineyard. This gives the St Joannes white a special richness, given that it blends three different vines of varying characteristics.

Among our more notable red varieties is Cabernet Sauvignon, originally from Bordeaux. This is one of the most famous and high quality varieties in the world. It is rich in tannins and colours, with aromas that become more complex with age, with hints of wood smoke, cedar and truffle. It is also known as Petit Bouchet, Sauvignon rouge. It adapts surprisingly well to the soil and climate of St Joannes, giving its wines a special smoothness and body.

“Ull de llebre” is another traditional variety of red. The wines it produces have a good alcohol level, with moderate and fruity acidity and excellent bouquet.